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What is Bipolar and how does Bipolar Manifest ?

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depression, is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). Understanding this complex disorder, its symptoms, treatment options, and coping strategies is crucial for individuals and their loved ones. In this article, we will delve into what bipolar disorder is, how it manifests, when it typically occurs, why it happens, and alternative ways to cope with it.

What is Bi Polar Disorder ?

Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. There are three main types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. Each type involves distinct patterns of mood episodes that can vary in severity.

How Does Bipolar Manifest ?

Bipolar disorder typically manifests in episodes of mania or hypomania and depression. Manic episodes are characterized by elevated mood, increased energy levels, racing thoughts, and impulsive behavior. Hypomanic episodes are similar but less severe. On the other hand, depressive episodes involve feelings of sadness, hopelessness, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, changes in appetite or sleep patterns, and thoughts of death or suicide.

When Does Bipolar Disorder Usually Occur ?

Bipolar disorder can develop at any age, but it often emerges in late adolescence or early adulthood. It affects men and women equally, and its exact cause is unknown. However, factors such as genetics, brain structure, and environmental influences may contribute to its onset.